Escape sequences specify characteristics about fonts, which are listed in the order in which they are conventionally specified in the escape sequence:. Text-parsing method that specifies whether character codes are interpreted as 1-byte or 2-byte character codes. See Text-parsing method for fonts. Character encoding or symbol set of the font family, such as ISO, Windows 3.

See Character encoding. Font spacing, which can be constant or proportional. See Font characteristics. Font pitch monospace fonts or height variable-width fonts. The value must be supplied as the fontPitch or fontSize variable, depending on the type of font. When the form is printed, these variables are replaced with the specific settings that are specified in the form itself.

Style, such as upright, italic, or condensed. If not specified, the upright style is used. Stroke weight, such as normal and bold. If not specified, the normal stroke weight is used. Font family, such as Courier and Coronet. Most printer manuals provide the escape sequences to use to specify fonts. See Finding documentation for your printer. Adobe LiveCycle ES3. About escape sequences that specify printer-resident fonts.

Escape sequences specify characteristics about fonts, which are listed in the order in which they are conventionally specified in the escape sequence: Text-parsing method that specifies whether character codes are interpreted as 1-byte or 2-byte character codes.

Use this variable for monospace fonts such as Courier and Letter Gothic. If you omit this variable from a typeface definition, the default printer value is used. If you hardcode this value in your escape sequence, only the printer-installed font with that characteristic is used. Use this variable for variable-width fonts such as Times New Roman.The updated fd3s motor mounts are now available on the FullFunction website. Running an Exhaust Manifold Pressure Sensor or EMAP sensor gives a unique insight into the dynamics of a running engine, especially one that is turbocharged.

However, running a pressure sensor on the exhaust requires a few considerations to keep the sensor accurate and reliable.

We need to keep heat, carbon build-up, and pressure spikes in check. Three feet or 1 meter of hardline SS preferred before the canister gives enough volume for the exhaust gases to cool to a reasonable temperature.

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The body is anodized aluminum and is fully rebuildable for long life in the harsh environment. Increase contact area on water pump pulley when removing air pump for emissions removal or single turbo setup.

Delrin Solid — For essentially rigid engine mounting for extremely high horsepower applications and track use. When ordering more than one, injectors will come as matched sets. FullFunctionEngineering HallSensors.

Jump to. Sections of this page. Accessibility help. Email or phone Password Forgotten account? Visitor Posts. Kavinga Suriya Claughton. By monitoring EMAP we can determine the following Please see our technical section for instructions, warnings and parts list. Primary Fitment: 48mm can use 34mm or 48mm injectors Secondary Fitment: 60mm can use 34mm, 48mm, and 60mm injectors Includes lower o-ring inserts Save and add Injector Dynamics injectors!

Full Function Eng updated their profile picture. Forgotten account?Would the 20b be more reliable at similar power outputs e.

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How many other parts would need changing considering the conversion, and would it be best to buy the whole Mazda Cosmo car itself as opposed to the engine, loom etc seperately.

Cheers lads, any advice would be very helpful. Subframe, rebuild, porting, custom manifold, turbo sfuelling, all the block off equipment, Programmable ecu, injectors, rails, clutch, custom fab work that will come up.

To convert from twin to single turbo will require a complete overhaul of everything on the block. To answer your first question yes the 20b would be under less stress than the 13b but both can make the same power. Seen there was a Mazda Cosmo for sale in Cork so was thinking of doing the whole lot to the car then.

My 13b is in need of a rebuild soon anyway so will be doing that before the single turbo conversion. One more question Out of peoples opinions what would they do with a spare k for performance?

Just curious. Money no object? Quad-rotor is the only way for ya so Don't buy a Cosmo just to gut the engine! I'd even chance seeing if a turbo could be afforded while I was at it! I did do quite a bit of research a few years back when my engine went pop and there was a really good 20b for sale at the time in the uk. To be honest you are looking at over 20k to do a proper 20b conversion.

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There is a lot of custom work needed and parts will be more expensive. If the engine needs anything like housings you will be talking even more money especially if the 20b center housing is knackered. A guy called matt in the uk has done a few. His first one was insane 20b pp and had a dry sump etc. It is not as easy as lot of people think unfortunately. A 13b turbo and 20b turbo will do hp if you build them right the major difference will be turbo pressure.

A 20b would be running less boost and thus putting the engine under less stress. As for the reliability it really depends on what parts are used the state of them and how the engine was built but mostly the tune. It is hard to tell if all things were equal which would be more reliable as there is not enough info out there really.

What I would do is build a 13b but do it right. You will need to upgrade the cooling for starters. Then the fueling, Turbo and exhaust, Then the intercooler, upgrade the ignition system and the ecu to run it all. You will need to upgrade other bits such as the brakes and suspension if you are trying for whp.

It will all add up very quickly especially if you aren't doing a lot of the work but the 13b would probably be your best bet. Rebuilt with Atkins Rotary apex seals, side seals and solid corner seals which have all been cryogenically treated. Engine comes with all ancillaries, belts, power steering pump, water pump etc etc. Atkins seals tend to be aggressive on housings from what I've read, people generally stick with mazda or a specialist apex seal manufacturer like rotary aviation, goopy or SCR.

Injector setup is also a little dated, newer injectors like injector dynamics allow for more fuel with better spray patterns allowing the car to idle properly. The Apexi is also a little dated at this stage, when newer better systems are available that allow for a better low down power band.

That's a serious engine BTW, and the guy who owns it knows what he's doing so I say go for it if you plan on using it like him. She will be used for some track and rare street.

I got it at a great price, very hard to turn down. Wanted something with plenty of power, and yes I was thinking injectors were a bit outdated also. I have gone with adaptronic for my car.Shown with optional o-ring fittings and lower bung adapters.

View Cart 0 Items. Toggle navigation. These rails are NOT compatible with the factory fuel lines. These bung adapters reduce the diameter of the bottom injector port to a suitable diameter for 14mm o-ring injectors.

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Our fuel rail height is set assuming these adapters are used. Include a set of our high quality black aluminum 6AN o-ring port adapters for connecting your custom -6 fuel lines.

Viton o-rings are supplied with the fittings. Featured Products. View All Products. The rail is machined from T6 and accepts -6 o-ring fittings on either end. Stainless mounting screws and aluminum stands are included with each rail. Include th Include the optional -6 o-ring fittings with Viton o-rings and the lower injector bung adapters to complete the primary rail package. This fuel rail is intended for fuel injectors with 48mm body length and 14mm outside diameter o-rings.

Options Bottom Injector Adapters: The original fuel injector bungs are too large for aftermarket fuel injectors.In the land-based field artillerythe field artillery team is organized to direct and control indirect artillery fire on the battlefield.

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Since World War Ito conduct indirect artillery fire, three distinct components have evolved in this organization: the forward observer or FOthe Fire Direction Center FDC and the Firing Unitsometimes referred to as the gun line.

On the battlefield, the field artillery team consists of some combinations of all of these elements. In other words, there may be multiple FOs calling in fire on multiple targets to multiple FDCs and any component may be in communication with some of the other elements depending on the situational requirements.

Modern artillery batteries shoot at targets measured in distances of kilometers and miles, a hundredfold increase in range over 18th century guns [ citation needed ]. This dramatic range increase has been driven by the ongoing development of rifled cannonsimprovements in propellants, better communications, and technical improvements in gunnery computational abilities. Since a modern enemy is engaged at such great distances, in most field artillery situations, because of weather, terrain, night-time conditions, distance or other obstacles, the soldiers manning the guns cannot see the target that they are firing upon.

The term indirect fire is therefore used to describe firing at targets that gunners cannot see, as opposed to observed direct fire. In most [ citation needed ] cases, the target is either over the horizon or on the other side of some physical obstruction, such as a hill, mountain or valley. Since the target is not visible, these gunners have to rely on a trained artillery observeralso called a forward observerwho sees the target and relays its coordinates to their fire direction center. The fire direction center, in turn, uses these coordinates to calculate a left-right aiming directionan elevation anglea number of bags of propellant, and a time before exploding if necessary for the fuse.

The fuse is then mated [ clarification needed ] to the artillery projectile. An often overlooked but very critical component of the Field Artillery team is the Advance Party. Initially, the Party looks to find suitable positions for an artillery unit to perform fire missions from. Then they perform what is known as route reconnaissance.

The primary purpose of this reconnaissance is to determine the suitability of the route of the units movement. Items to be analyzed include possible alternate routes, cover, concealment, location of obstacles, likely ambush sites, contaminated areas, route marking requirements, and the time and distance required to traverse the route.

Several factors are taken into consideration. Once a location is determined, and having arrived at the new position, the advance party conducts a security sweep and prepares the position for occupation. If these threats or conditions are present in the proposed position area, the advance party breaks contact with any enemy forces or marks minefield and hazards and moves on to find another position area.

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The battery commander can coordinate for additional assets, or augment the advance party with internal assets, to provide the additional ability to clear areas of small enemy forces, obstacles, and minefields.

Natural cover must be used to the maximum. Security is continuous throughout advance party operations. Once a location is determined to be safe, the advance party prepares the position for eventual howitzer emplacement. This consists of several procedures, such as escorting each howitzer to its prepared position, setting up communications, providing the unit with its initial azimuth of fire, and providing each gun with an initial deflection.

This entire process is covered in U. Army Field Manual Chapter 2.

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Modern day FOs are also called Fire Support Specialist's trained in calling close air supportnaval gunfire support and other indirect fire weapons systems.

Using a standardized format, the FO sends either an absolute position or a position relative to another point, a brief target description, a recommended munition to use, and any special instructions, such as "danger close" warning that friendly troops are close to the target, requiring extra precision from the guns. Firing begins with an adjustment phase where only a single gun fires, and if the rounds are not accurate, the FO will issue instructions to adjust fire in four dimensions three spatial and one temporal.

When the degree of accuracy is acceptable, the FO will then typically call " fire for effect ", unless the objective of that fire mission is something other than suppression or destruction of the target.

The forward observer can also be airborne; one of the original roles of aircraft in the military was airborne artillery spotting [ citation needed ]. The fire direction center concept was developed at the Field Artillery School at Ft. Sill, Oklahomaduring the s under the leadership of its Director of Gunnery, Carlos Brewer [4] and his instructors, who abandoned massing fire by a described terrain feature or grid coordinate reference.

They introduced a firing chart, adopted the practice of locating battery positions by survey, and designated targets with reference to the base point on the chart. In the spring ofthe Gunnery Department successfully demonstrated massing battalion fire using this method, which was used extensively by field artillery during World War II.In doing this, we came up with a system which would give people greater flexibility and at the same time, overcome the limitations of our main product line, the Select ECUs.

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The additional pins you have access to give you the following options:. Looks like you're in. Yes, please. Add to Cart. The additional pins you have access to give you the following options: An additional 2 injector outputs An additional O2 input, and 2 additional V inputs for logging or other functions like sequential box strain gauges Additional ignition output for conversion to direct fire Oil pressure, fuel pressure and oil temperature inputs plus we read the fuel temperature input and use that in the fuel density calculation CAN Wideband lambda can be connected via analogue input, or via serial.

Subscribe Sign up to get the latest on sales, new releases and more …. Calibration is in mV Biased, calibration is in Ohms. Switches to ground, current limited to mA. All 4 use 4-pin Molex connectors 2 x serial in ground, transmit, receive 1 x serial out ground, transmit, receive 1 x controller out ground, transmit, receive and 12V switched, current limited power — eg for dash, hand controller.

Access point kbps max speed Settings and live data only no log retrieval due to speed. Microphone 3 axis accelerometer 3 axis rate gyro. Max 30 hrs 10 Hz, 13 channels Min 20 mins Hz, channels.

Field artillery team

Switching topology for low heating Peak and hold current waveforms Programmable peak and hold current Max current per channel 4A continuous Nominal current per channel 1A can be controlled in software Unused injector outputs can be configured as auxiliary outputs, PWM capable, but only switching to ground Output voltage and current monitored.

Appears as a Ohm to supply when high, short to ground when low Current limited output Unused injector outputs can be configured as auxiliary outputs, PWM capable, but only switching to ground, and only low current Voltage and current monitored.

Push-pull outputs can drive high or low High side current limited to 1.Perfusion MR imaging exploits the signal intensity decrease that occurs with the passage of a high concentration of gadopentetate dimeglumine through the microvasculature. Transverse magnetization is formed by tilting the longitudinal magnetization into the transverse plane by using a radiofrequency pulse. The transverse magnetization rotates in the transverse plane at the Larmor frequency and induces an MR signal in the radiofrequency coil.

Immediately after its formation, the transverse magnetization has a maximum magnitude, and all of the protons are in phase. The transverse magnetization starts decreasing in magnitude immediately as protons start going out of phase. This process of dephasing and reduction in the amount of transverse magnetization is called transverse relaxation. Transverse relaxation is the result of random interactions at the atomic and molecular levels 2. Transverse relaxation is primarily related to the intrinsic field caused by adjacent protons spins and hence is called spin-spin relaxation.

Transverse relaxation causes irreversible dephasing of the transverse magnetization. These additional dephasing fields come from the main magnetic field inhomogeneity, the differences in magnetic susceptibility among various tissues or materials, chemical shift, and gradients applied for spatial encoding 1. Inhomogeneities can also cause geometric distortion, leading to signal intensity artifacts.

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Magnetic field inhomogeneity can be macroscopic intervoxel, which is constant across a voxel or microscopic changing within a voxel 4. Macroscopic inhomogeneity can be caused by deoxyhemoglobin in tiny veins, by air-tissue interfaces, or by metallic implants.

Causes of microscopic inhomogeneity include paramagnetic contrast agents, blood products, or iron deposits 5. Principles and techniques are discussed in the following sections. There are two broad categories of GRE sequences: incoherent spoiled residual transverse magnetization and coherent refocused transverse magnetization.

Residual transverse magnetization is spoiled in incoherent GRE sequences after signal acquisition so that it will not interfere in the next cycle. In coherent GRE sequences, the residual transverse magnetization is refocused so that after a few repetition cycles, it leads to a steady state of transverse magnetization 6. Echo-planar imaging is a fast MR imaging technique in which all of the phase-encoding steps to form an image can be acquired either in a single TR single-shot echo-planar imaging or in a few TRs multishot echo-planar imaging.

In echo-planar imaging, rapid oscillation of high-amplitude gradients is used to form gradient echoes, thus avoiding radiofrequency refocusing.

The effective TE in echo-planar imaging is usually listed as that TE at which the origin of k-space is collected. The longer the TE, the greater the signal loss. With a low flip angle, excitation longitudinal magnetization remains close to the fully relaxed state, independent of different T1 values. A long TR also reduces the T1 effect. Both of these factors cause more dephasing that is due to susceptibility effects.

These effects can be understood because of the dephasing that takes place in large voxels. As the voxel size is reduced ie, a higher-resolution image is acquiredthe dephasing will be markedly reduced. As the field strength increases, the susceptibility effect also increases because it is directly dependent on the main field and the susceptibility of the source producing the field inhomogeneityso that for a given TE and resolution, the dephasing effect will also increase.

Much confusion exists about the nomenclature for GRE imaging. Because of variations in sequence design among the vendors, the sequences are not exactly equivalent to each other on different MR machines. Cerebral hematoma. Cavernoma with bleeding.

A residual low-signal-intensity area arrowhead is seen at the site of the hematoma, which was a complication of a cavernoma. A new small cavernoma arrow is seen in the left frontal lobe. Familial multiple cavernomas in a year-old girl. Tumoral hemorrhage in a year-old male adolescent with thalamic glioma. In the middle cerebral artery susceptibility sign, the thrombosed segment of the middle cerebral artery is seen as a dark linear filling defect wider than the contralateral middle cerebral artery.

Hemophilic arthropathy. The right talus bone shows irregularity and osteochondral change arrowhead in a.